Current research in Theoretical Physics
Condensed Matter Theory
Development and application of basic condensed matter theories, especially towards the border area with modern statistical physics, including the study of phase transitions, critical phenomena and strongly correlated systems. The research aims to provide a basic understanding of complex phenomena. Idealized models are studied partly using advanced mathematical analysis, and computer simulations. Association to experiments and possible technological applications is important.
Theoretical research on the smallest subatomic particles and their interactions. Mathematical problems related to the design of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory models for the above purpose. Research in this area is closely linked to current research in mathematics, especially differential geometry, topology and group theory.
Within statistical physics basic theoretical methods and computer simulation methods are developed and used in a very wide field of research ranging from fundamental problems to various applications and interdisciplinary collaborations. The research carried out in close collaboration with experiments. Problem areas include classical and quantum phase transitions, exotic quantum fluids, complex systems, nano-systems, disordered systems, soft matter and biological systems.
Theoretical Biological Physics
Theoretical Biological Physics is the application of methods in theoretical physics to describe biological processes at the molecular level. Especially, emphasis place on statistical mechanics. The research involves analysis of research questions and development of mathematical models in molecular and cell biology. Theoretical Biological Physics is an interdisciplinary research area where a physical, chemical and biological basis is used when seeking to understand the processes that form the basis of all life.
Computational Biological Physics
The area includes the study of biological problems with the analytical and computational methods from physics, as well as physical problems of immediate or potential biological interest. The research area differs from bioinformatics as emphasis is placed in the physical issues and/or dynamic models.
Theoretical Particle Physics
Research in theoretical particle physics aims to find a consistent description of the inner structure. Both phenomenological methods and advanced field-theory calculations are used to describe particles of the different properties and types of interactions, with which one hopes to be able to unite in a unified theory in the future. Recently, this research is closely brought into relationship with astrophysics and cosmology.