Current research in Material and Nano Physics
Research is conducted within development, production and characterization of nanomaterials and composites in terms of how to influence material properties by controlling the dimensions at the nanometer level. Applications include fields such as energy, biomedicine, and optics and photonics.
The research in semiconductor materials includes the design of advanced photonic materials, their characterization, process development and component. Photonic crystals, nanostructured surfaces, nanowires, quantum dots, methods for characterizing nanostructures, monolithic integrated photonic components on indium phosphide, hetero-epitaxial III-V semiconductors on silicon for large-scale integration, and silicon photonics are some of the main activities with applications in communications, sensors and energy.
Research is primarily conducted in four areas: (1) Nanostructures and their applications, where mainly nanostructures in silicon are studied in terms of both fundamental aspects as well as applications in areas such as biosensors and imaging detectors. (2) Strongly correlated systems, where basic research in mainly conducted within high temperature superconductors, heavy fermion systems, and topological insulators. (3) Spintronics, where research is focused on spinelectronic components and especially spin torsion oscillators. (4) Finally, surface physics, with emphasis on surface reconstructions and surface reactions. The research has relevance to the development of so-called Gretzel solar cells.
Mainly electronic transport properties of nanostructures. Mesoscopic phenomena and quantum phenomena that occur in structures no larger than atoms, but smaller than those of so-called bulk materials. E-beam lithography and low-temperature equipment is used in the manufacture and characterization of structures. The production and experimental study of nanostructures, and modeling of the measurement results.